Sterilization is a permanent method of birth control. Sterilization procedures for women are called tubal occlusion. The procedure for men is called vasectomy.

Tubal occlusion closes off the fallopian tubes. This prevents the egg from moving down the fallopian tube to the uterus and keeps the sperm from reaching the egg.

There are three ways that sterilization for women can be performed:
  1. mini-laparotomy
  2. laparoscopy
  3. hysteroscopy
Mini-laparotomy and laparoscopy are done in a hospital or day surgery setting, hysteroscopy can be done in the office.  

Pelvic organ prolapse is a common, but little discussed issue among women as they age. Trauma that started with childbirth worsens over the years. Surgical intervention can bring relief to many women with this issue.


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