Infertility is defined as not having become pregnant after 1 year of having regular sexual intercourse without the use of birth control.

Infertility may be due to a single cause in either you or your partner, or a combination of factors that may prevent a pregnancy from occurring or continuing. Fortunately, there are many safe and effective therapies for overcoming infertility. These treatments significantly improve the chances of becoming pregnant.

In general, you may consider seeing a doctor about infertility if you and your partner have been trying regularly to conceive for at least one year. You may consider being seen earlier if you're a woman and:
  • You are age 35 to 40 and have been trying to conceive for six months or longer
  • You are over age 40
  • You menstruate irregularly or not at all
  • You have known fertility problems
  • You have been diagnosed with endometriosis or pelvic inflammatory disease
  • You have had more than one miscarriage
  • You have had prior cancer treatment
If you're a man, you may wish to be evaluated sooner if you have:
  • A low sperm count or other problems with sperm
  • Swelling in the scrotum
  • You have had a previous vasectomy
  • Undergone prior scrotal or inguinal surgery
  • Small testicles or problems with sexual function or desire
  • Had prior cancer treatment
  • Desire to know your fertility status

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