Cesarean birth is the delivery of a baby through incisions made in the mother’s abdomen and uterus.
The following situations are some of the reasons why a cesarean birth is performed:
  • Multiple pregnancy - If a woman is pregnant with twins, a cesarean birth may be necessary if the babies are being born too early, are not in good positions in the uterus, or if there are other problems. The likelihood of having a cesarean birth increases with the number of babies a woman is carrying
  • Failure of labor to progress - Contractions may not open the cervix enough for the baby to move into the vagina
  • Concern for the baby - For instance, the umbilical cord may become pinched or compressed or fetal monitoring may detect an abnormal heart rate
  • Problems with the placenta 
  • A large baby 
  • Breech presentation 
  • Maternal infections, such as human immunodeficiency virus or herpes 
  • Maternal medical conditions, such as diabetes or high blood pressure

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